Xiangshui Lake Natural Scenic Spot, a beautiful tourist resort, is located in the western part of the Mutianyu Great Wall of the Huairou County, 78 kilometers from the Beijing city proper. Covering an area of 18 square kilometers, it is a beautiful natural valley combined with Great Wall, ancient caves, limpid spring and streams, ponds and waterfalls.
Xiangshui Lake Natural Scenic Spot lies in the valley where built the pass and fortress of the Ming dynasty Great Wall. Peculiar stones, waved ridges and peaks and the intact Great Wall that like a great dragon flying into the sky have formed a splendid natural picture. The flowing water of the spring rushing down from the high peaks has formed a more than 50 meters high waterfall. The Moya Rock of the Ming dynasty has added some stateliness to the old pass. The Lianyun Cave and Totem Pavilion finely carved by the nature are also very interesting. Every year in April and May, Xiangshui Lake Natural Scenic Spot is really an ocean of flowers. The apricot, peach and other flowers with yellow, red, purple and other beautiful colors have formed a charming natural landscape.
Xiangshui Lake Great Wall
Xiangshui Lake Section of Great Wall lies in the western part of the Mutianyu Great Wall of Huairou County. This splendid section of Great Wall was built in the second year of the Yongle Period of the Ming dynasty in 1404 for the frontier defence.
The entrance of the Xiangshui Lake Great Wall is called Moshikou Pass, which is an important fortress of the Ming Great Wall. Since the stone in the narrow pass polished by the flowing water every year, hence the pass got the name Moshikou (which means polished stone pass in English). Originally, there was a rostrum situated on the pass. The Great Wall is wondering along the east and west side of the rostrum. Together with the torrent streams under the rostrum, it is a very solid military building. Also because the pass had an inner city, therefore, there set up two passes, so it was also called Shuangguanzi (double passes). Not far away from the pass, there stands Moya Stone Carving with four characters--- Tian She Jin Tang which was written by Henan People Xu Maoqi in Ming dynasty. Jin Tang in Chinese always used to describe the solid state of a building. At here, Tian She Jin Tang stands for the highest craftsmanship of the impregnable Great Wall. Besides, you can also see some other historical sites with the intact and original shape.
One kilometer west of the Moshikou Pass is the Donkey Saddle Mountain Range. Because it locates inside the lap and shaped like a donkey saddle, hence it got the name. There is a Great Wall site of the Northern Qi dynasty close to the pass. In addition, people can see a Bowlder Rostrum, which was the only construction of Great Wall built by the white bowlder with classic elegance flavor and unique style. 1.5 miles away from the Bowlder Rostrum, there is a rostrum with nine watch windows called Nine Eyes Rostrum (Jiu Yan Lou). It is also called Viewing Capital Rostrum, since in a fine day people can see the Beijing City from here. Around it, visitors can see the Ming dynasty marble stele, horse field and other historical sites. The Xiangshui Lake Great Wall and its nearby historical sites have not repaired and have kept its original style. So it is a very good place for archeology and exploration.